The Internet, sometimes also called simply “the Net” or “cybernetics,” is a global system of interconnected computer networks – a worldwide network of computer networks where users in any one location can, when they so desire, obtain data from any other location (and in some cases communicate with other users at other locations). There are no physical walls between any two Internet users, so it is possible for anyone with an Internet connection to converse with someone at some other location. Thus, the Internet has enormous potential as a communication tool. Today, the Internet is used for shopping, banking, communication, online education, research, social networking, and more. The potential in the Internet for more forms of communication is increasing because of its growing popularity. The Internet offers many unique advantages that have not yet been available on any other platform.
One of the most important advantages of the Internet is the fact that it is accessible anywhere. Computers are used everywhere, from home, school, the office, hospitals, malls, and public transportation. Because the Internet is global, it is accessed and used by people of all cultures and ages, speaking different languages, using different devices, and accessing the internet from virtually anywhere. The potential users of the Internet are enormous. While it is possible for a single person to access the Internet effectively from just one computer at home, if two or more computers are needed to access the internet, each individual can potentially be able to access the Internet from each and every computer that are available.
This ability to access the internet through a variety of devices is one of the unique characteristics of the Internet that makes it so desirable. To put it shortly, the Internet is made up of packets. Packets are packets of data sent and received by various devices. These packets of data can vary in size and in length, depending on the intent of the sender and the receiver of the packets. However, when a packet is received, it is decoded by the receiving computer, which is then reassembled and interpreted by the computer that the packet was sent to.
As previously mentioned, the basic function of the internet is to transfer data packets. In order for data packets to successfully travel across the internet, there are a number of factors that need to be considered. These factors include protocol, speed, and overload. Each one of these factors has an impact on how quickly and efficiently data packets are transmitted and how effectively overload is handled. These three factors need to be taken into consideration during the design of the internet so that problems can be dealt with efficiently and reliably.
Protocol refers to the set of rules and specifications that guide a computer to distinguish itself from other computers. Every device connected to the internet must use a unique protocol, so that other computers and devices can differentiate them and so that they can establish communication with each other. The protocol for a given device varies between different versions of the same device. For example, while a PC might use a standard protocol that allows all computers to connect to the internet at the same port number, an iPad might use a customized protocol, making it possible for people to connect to the internet using different devices.
The next factor that affects the speed at which data can be sent and received is overload. Simply put, overload occurs when too many packets of information are sent at once. An example of this would be when a person sends a text message to their cell phone using their cell phone’s internet service. When this happens, the service will try to process the text message before the connection to the internet is closed. In order to prevent this, the mobile internet service will route the messages in a series, much like how a phone calls its neighbors to let them know that there is an incoming call. This is known as multi-tasking.
There is also another aspect that needs to be considered when dealing with internet protocol. This is bandwidth. Bandwidth is the amount of data that can be transmitted over a given period of time, in a given amount of distance. This is usually measured in kilobits per second (kbps). Commonly, internet service providers (ISPs) measure the bandwidth of a connection by using the standard TCP/IP protocol and the measurement of the transfer rate, which is how many packets of data can be transferred per second.
Now that you have some basic knowledge on how different types of traffic is sent over the internet, you should be able to understand why certain types of traffic are sent at different rates. Most commonly, the internet service provider uses a standard transport control protocol. The purpose of this is to prevent the data being sent by ISP computers from falling into the wrong hands. However, there are some internet services that use alternative protocols, which can cause confusion for PCs and other devices that aren’t familiar with the IP packet format. If your internet service provider uses a standard transport protocol, you should be able to recognize the packet format easily when browsing the web. When using alternative protocols, you need to make sure that you are familiar with the transport method used by the internet service provider in order to ensure proper internet connectivity.